2014 Best Spring Planting Dates for Seeds for Lake Martin, AL and Surrounding Areas

When determining the best planting dates in the spring for seeds, the date of the last spring frost is important to your success. NOTE: Our chart calculates U.S. frost dates only, based on historical data. Other factors can also influence planting dates, including soil temperature, altitude and slope of land, nearby waters, and day length. Keep records of your garden’s conditions each year to plan more accurately.

  • Seeds for plants with a long growing season should be started indoors during the periods shown below.
  • Seeds for plants sown in the ground should be planted during the periods shown.
  • When no dates appear in the chart, that starting method is not recommended for the particular vegetable.
  • To start transplants, see our Best Dates to Transplant (by region).

Planting by the Moon?

Above-ground crops are planted during the light of the Moon (new to full); below-ground crops are planted during the dark of the Moon (from the day after it is full to the day before it is new again). Planting is done in the daytime; planting at night is optional!

This chart includes the most popular crops. For more information, consult your cooperative extension.

Click on the underlined crops below for free “how to” plant and grow guides!hilltop landscaping planting

50% probability of frost free after April 2 (at BIRMINGHAM INTL AP, AL climate station).

Crop Start Seeds Indoors Moon-favorable Dates Set Out Plants/
Start Seeds Outdoors
Moon-favorable Dates
Beans Apr 9-30 Apr 9-15, Apr 29-30
Beets Mar 19-Apr 9 Mar 19-29
Broccoli Feb 18-Mar 4 Mar 1- 4 Mar 12-Apr 2 Mar 12-16, Mar 30-Apr 2
Brussels sprouts Feb 18-Mar 4 Mar 1- 4 Mar 4-26 Mar 4-16
Cabbage Feb 4-18 Feb 4-14 Mar 4-19 Mar 4-16
Carrots Feb 25-Mar 12 Feb 25-28
Cauliflower Feb 18-Mar 4 Mar 1- 4 Mar 4-19 Mar 4-16
Celery Jan 21-Feb 4 Jan 30-Feb 4 Apr 9-23 Apr 9-15
Collards Feb 18-Mar 4 Mar 1- 4 Mar 4-26 Mar 4-16
Corn Apr 2-16 Apr 2-15
Cucumbers Mar 4-12 Mar 4-12 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 29-May 7
Eggplant Jan 21-Feb 4 Jan 30-Feb 4 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 29-May 7
Kale Feb 18-Mar 4 Mar 1- 4 Mar 4-26 Mar 4-16
Kohlrabi Mar 4-26 Mar 4-16
Leeks Jan 21-Feb 4 Jan 30-Feb 4 Mar 4-26 Mar 4-16
Lettuce Feb 18-Mar 4 Mar 1- 4 Mar 19-Apr 16 Mar 30-Apr 15
Melons Mar 4-12 Mar 4-12 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 29-May 7
Okra Apr 16-30 Apr 29-30
Onion sets Mar 4-26 Mar 17-26
Parsnips Mar 12-Apr 2 Mar 17-29
Peas Feb 18-Mar 12 Mar 1-12
Peppers Jan 21-Feb 4 Jan 30-Feb 4 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 29-May 7
Potato tubers Mar 26-Apr 16 Mar 26-29, Apr 16
Pumpkins Mar 4-19 Mar 4-16 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 29-May 7
Radishes Feb 4-25 Feb 15-25
Spinach Feb 18-Mar 12 Mar 1-12
Squash Mar 4-19 Mar 4-16 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 29-May 7
Sweet Potatoes Mar 4-12 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 16-28
Swiss Chard Feb 18-Mar 4 Mar 1- 4 Mar 12-19 Mar 12-16
Tomatoes Feb 4-18 Feb 4-14 Apr 9-30 Apr 9-15, Apr 29-30
Turnips Mar 4-26 Mar 17-26
Watermelon Mar 4-12 Mar 4-12 Apr 16-May 7 Apr 29-May 7